Zambia is a landlocked country that lies to the south of Tanzania and DRC and to the north of Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe and Mozambique. It falls within the tropic zones and tends to experience pleasant temperatures year-round, partly due to it being above sea level. Zambia has two distinct seasons, with the heavy rain season starting around mid-November and going into April. May through October generally marks the dry season, although even this varies depending on exact location.
Zambia is a highly urbanized country, with nearly half of its population found in cities that are located along primary transportation routes, with the largest concentration in Lusaka. There is little wildlife around the rural areas and the wildlife is concentrated in the less-inhabited rural areas of Zambia.
A large draw for tourists in Zambia is Victoria Falls – the world’s largest waterfall located on the mighty Zambezi River. There are two sides from which to view Victoria Falls, with the primary one – Livingstone – being located in Zambia. The town itself is a historical colonial town which has been preserved and now includes modern amenities such as shopping malls, high end restaurants, five star hotels and theaters. Livingstone also has an airport which makes it easy for people to access the falls, particularly from South Africa, where most international flights land. Victoria Falls’ close proximity to three countries: Botswana, Zambia and Zimbabwe, makes it an ideal location from which to start or end a safari. There are many tour operators from the surrounding countries whose operate tours from this popular location.
The savannah woodlands in the northern and central part of Zambia are home to much of the countries large game animals. Southern Luangwa National Park is home to large numbers of giraffe and buffalo. It is possible to do a walking safari here, something that not all parks offer. Another park in the central region of Zambia is Kafue National Park. It is Zambia’s oldest and largest national park and home to a large diversity of animals. The short-grass plains of this park are home to some of the big cats, such as the cheetah, leopard and lion.
For those seeking a more isolated and ‘authentic’ safari, Zambia may be the ideal location. In addition to the traditional, open-vehicle safari, Zambia also offers walking, canoeing and horseback riding safaris. Zambia also has attracted some of top guides from neighboring countries. Safari lodging and prices tend to be on par or slightly higher than those of northern neighbors Tanzania and Kenya, but the reduced crowds and wider range of safari options help compensate. Zambia is recommended for safari-goers of all levels.